In fulfillment of its obligations under various multi-lateral agreements, Saint Lucia facilitates the disposal of waste generated from the many cruise ships which visits its shores. The MARPOL Convention is the main international convention that covers the prevention of pollution of the marine environment from operational or accidental causes.
Saint Lucia as a party to the convention is required to undertake measures to ensure the provision of facilities at ports and terminals for the reception of garbage. The Saint Lucia Solid Waste Management Authority (SLSWMA) has instituted a program aimed at ensuring that ships desirous of landing waste on the island follow procedures that would ensure compliance with MARPOL thereby safeguarding the environmental integrity of Saint Lucia. The program also ensures that waste haulers involved in the transportation of waste from the seaports meet certain minimum requirements in order to ensure the protection of human health, safety and the environment. The SLSWMA requires that in accordance with MARPOL, ships operating in its territorial waters undertake the following:
- Display placards which notify its crew and passengers of the conditions that are permissible for at-sea disposal;
- Develop and implement a solid waste management plan that includes written procedures for the collection, storage, processing and disposal of solid waste including the use of equipment on board the ship as well as designation of an employee to be responsible for the management of the implementation of the plan;
- Carry a solid waste record book or garbage record book in which to record all transactions of disposal or incineration and aid in proving legal disposal;
- Notify the SLSWMA of the vessel’s arrival so that adequate arrangements may be put in place to effectively deal with waste prior to arrival;
- Permit the SLSWMA to inspect the vessels waste management system;
- Provide of an estimated amount of waste incinerated or disposed of at the last port of call.
All vessels desirous of discharging waste in the island are required to notify the SLSWMA of their intentions to do so at least 48 hours in advance in order to facilitate the mobilization of necessary resources to effectively deal with the disposal of the waste streams. This notification shall be done utilizing the standard waste notification form and can be transmitted to the Authority via facsimile or email and must be copied to the Agent. In the case of vessels arriving on Sundays, Mondays and Holidays the Authority require notification no later than the previous Friday by 4:00 pm.